What each team had starting out:
23 states - including California, Oregon, and the 3 "border states" of Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland, and 7 territories
Population: 22 million (4 million of combat age)
- 100,000 factories
- 1.1 million workers
- 20,000 miles or railroad (70% of US total; 96% of all railroad equipment)
- $189 million in bank deposits (81% of US total bank deposits)
- $56 million in gold specie
Population: 9 million (3.5 million slaves; only 1.2 million men of combat age)
- 20,000 factories
- 101,000 workers
- 9,000 miles of railroad
- $47 million in bank deposits
- $27 million in gold specie
The North also outproduced the South in agricultural products and livestock holdings (except for asses and mules). But the South did produce more cotton than the North, which was raised by.....the slaves.
What the South had to its advantage:
The US Army was largely comprised and led by Southerners who immediately defected to the South's cause.
Southerners for the most part were better riders and better with weapons.
The Northern armies were made up largely of conscripts from urban areas (many who were immigrants who spoke less to no English), who were less familiar with weapons and were not as excited as fighting for the "principles" of "preserving the Union" and stopping the spread of slavery.